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Today in History


Today is 21 March 2019, and this is some of what happened.

Events

537 - Siege of Rome: King Vitiges attempts to assault the northern and eastern city walls, but is repulsed at the Praenestine Gate, known as the Vivarium, by the defenders under the Byzantine generals Bessas and Peranius.
630 - Emperor Heraclius returns the True Cross, one of the holiest Christian relics, to Jerusalem.
717 - Battle of Vincy between Charles Martel and Ragenfrid.
1152 - Annulment of the marriage of King Louis VII of France and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1188 - Emperor Antoku accedes to the throne of Japan.
1413 - Henry V becomes King of England.
1556 - In Oxford, Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer is burned at the stake.
1788 - A fire in New Orleans leaves most of the town in ruins.
1800 - With the church leadership driven out of Rome during an armed conflict, Pius VII is crowned Pope in Venice with a temporary papal tiara made of papier-mâché.
1801 - The Battle of Alexandria is fought between British and French forces near the ruins of Nicopolis in Egypt.
1804 - Code Napoléon is adopted as French civil law.
1814 - Napoleonic Wars: Austrian forces repel French troops in the Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube.
1821 - Greek War of Independence: First revolutionary act in the monastery of Agia Lavra, Kalavryta.
1844 - The Bahá'í calendar begins. This is the first day of the first year of the Bahá'í calendar. It is annually celebrated by members of the Bahá'í Faith as the Bahá'í New Year or Náw-Rúz.
1861 - Alexander Stephens gives the Cornerstone Speech.
1871 - Otto von Bismarck is appointed Chancellor of the German Empire.
1871 - Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his trek to find the missionary and explorer David Livingstone.
1913 - Over 360 are killed and 20,000 homes destroyed in the Great Dayton Flood in Dayton, Ohio.
1918 - World War I: The first phase of the German Spring Offensive, Operation Michael, begins.
1919 - The Hungarian Soviet Republic is established becoming the first Communist government to be formed in Europe after the October Revolution in Russia.
1921 - The New Economic Policy is implemented by the Bolshevik Party in response to the economic failure as a result of war communism.
1925 - The Butler Act prohibits the teaching of human evolution in Tennessee.
1925 - Syngman Rhee is removed from office after being impeached as the President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea.
1928 - Charles Lindbergh is presented with the Medal of Honor for the first solo trans-Atlantic flight.
1933 - Construction of Dachau, the first Nazi concentration camp, is completed.
1935 - Shah of Iran Reza Shah Pahlavi formally asks the international community to call Persia by its native name, Iran.
1937 - Ponce massacre: Nineteen people in Ponce, Puerto Rico, are gunned down by a police squad acting under orders of US-appointed Governor, Blanton C. Winship.
1943 - Wehrmacht officer Rudolf von Gersdorff plots to assassinate Adolf Hitler by using a suicide bomb, but the plan falls through. Von Gersdorff is able to defuse the bomb in time and avoid suspicion.
1945 - World War II: British troops liberate Mandalay, Burma.
1945 - World War II: Operation Carthage: Royal Air Force planes bomb Gestapo headquarters in Copenhagen, Denmark. They also hit a school and 125 civilians are killed.
1945 - World War II: Bulgaria and the Soviet Union successfully complete their defense of the north bank of the Drava River as the Battle of the Transdanubian Hills concludes.
1946 - The Los Angeles Rams sign Kenny Washington, making him the first African American player in the American football since 1933.
1952 - Alan Freed presents the Moondog Coronation Ball, the first rock and roll concert, in Cleveland, Ohio.
1960 - Apartheid: Sharpeville massacre, South Africa: Police open fire on a group of unarmed black South African demonstrators, killing 69 and wounding 180.
1963 - Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, on an island in San Francisco Bay, closes.
1965 - Ranger program: NASA launches Ranger 9, the last in a series of unmanned lunar space probes.
1965 - Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. leads 3,200 people on the start of the third and finally successful civil rights march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.
1967 - Charles Manson is released from Terminal Island. Telling the authorities that prison had become his home, he requested permission to stay. Upon his release, he relocates to San Francisco where he spends the Summer of Love.[1]
1968 - Battle of Karameh in Jordan between the Israel Defense Forces and the combined forces of the Jordanian Armed Forces and PLO.
1970 - The first Earth Day proclamation is issued by Mayor of San Francisco Joseph Alioto.
1980 - US President Jimmy Carter announces a United States boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow to protest the Soviet war in Afghanistan.
1980 - Dallas airs its "A House Divided" episode, which leads to eight months of international speculation regarding Who shot J.R.?
1983 - The first cases of the 1983 West Bank fainting epidemic begin; Israelis and Palestinians accuse each other of poison gas, but the cause is later determined mostly to be psychosomatic.
1986 - Debi Thomas became the first African American to win the World Figure Skating Championships
1989 - Sports Illustrated reports allegations tying baseball player Pete Rose to baseball gambling.
1990 - Namibia becomes independent after 75 years of South African rule.
1999 - Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones become the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.
2000 - Pope John Paul II makes his first ever pontifical visit to Israel.
2006 - The social media site Twitter is founded.
2009 - Four police officers are shot and killed and a fifth is wounded in two shootings at Oakland, California.

Births

927 - Emperor Taizu of Song (died 976)
1474 - Angela Merici, Italian educator and saint (died 1540)
1521 - Maurice, Elector of Saxony (died 1553)
1522 - Mihrimah Sultan, Ottoman daughter of Suleiman the Magnificent (died 1578)
1527 - Hermann Finck, German composer and educator (died 1558)
1672 - Stefano Benedetto Pallavicino, Italian poet and translator (died 1742)
1713 - Francis Lewis, Welsh-American merchant and politician (died 1803)
1716 - Josef Seger, Bohemian organist, composer, and educator (died 1782)
1763 - Jean Paul, German journalist and author (died 1825)
1768 - Joseph Fourier, French mathematician and physicist (died 1830)
1801 - Maria Theresa of Austria (died 1855)
1806 - Benito Juárez, Mexican lawyer and politician, 25th President of Mexico (died 1872)
1811 - Nathaniel Woodard, English priest and educator (died 1891)
1825 - Alexander Mozhaysky, Russian soldier and engineer (died 1890)
1835 - Thomas Hayward, English cricketer (died 1876)
1839 - Modest Mussorgsky, Russian pianist and composer (died 1881)
1854 - Alick Bannerman, Australian cricketer and coach (died 1924)
1857 - Alice Henry, Australian journalist and activist (died 1943)
1859 - Daria Pratt, American golfer (died 1938)
1865 - George Owen Squier, American general (died 1934)
1866 - Antonia Maury, American astronomer and astrophysicist (died 1952)
1867 - Florenz Ziegfeld, Jr., American director and producer (died 1932)
1869 - David Robertson, Scottish-English golfer and rugby player (died 1937)
1874 - Alfred Tysoe, English runner (died 1901)
1876 - Walter Tewksbury, American runner and hurdler (died 1968)
1877 - Maurice Farman, French race car driver and pilot (died 1964)
1878 - Morris H. Whitehouse, American architect (died 1944)
1880 - Broncho Billy Anderson, American actor, director, and producer (died 1971)
1880 - Hans Hofmann, German-American painter and academic (died 1966)
1882 - Aleksander Kesküla, Estonian politician (died 1963)
1882 - Bascom Lamar Lunsford, American singer and lawyer (died 1973)
1884 - George David Birkhoff, American mathematician (died 1944)
1885 - Pierre Renoir, French actor and director (died 1952)
1886 - Walter Dray, American pole vaulter (died 1973)
1887 - Clarice Beckett, Australian painter (died 1935)
1887 - M. N. Roy, Indian philosopher and politician (died 1954)
1889 - Jock Sutherland, American football player and coach (died 1948)
1891 - Jonathan Hale, Canadian-American actor (died 1966)
1897 - Sim Gokkes, Dutch composer and conductor (died 1943)
1897 - Salvador Lutteroth, Mexican wrestling promoter, founded Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (died 1987)
1901 - Karl Arnold, German businessman and politician, President of the German Bundesrat (died 1958)
1902 - Son House, American singer and guitarist (died 1988)
1902 - Santo Pecora, American trombonist (New Orleans Rhythm Kings) (died 1984)
1904 - Jehane Benoît, Canadian journalist and author (died 1987)
1904 - Forrest Mars, Sr., American candy maker, created M and M's and Mars bar (died 1999)
1904 - Nikos Skalkottas, Greek violinist and composer (died 1949)
1905 - Phyllis McGinley, American author and poet (died 1978)
1906 - John D. Rockefeller III, American philanthropist (died 1978)
1906 - Jim Thompson, American businessman (died 1967)
1909 - Harry Lane, English footballer (died 1977)
1910 - Julio Gallo, American businessman, co-founded E and J Gallo Winery (died 1993)
1910 - Muhammad Siddiq Khan, Bangladeshi librarian and educator (died 1978)
1912 - André Laurendeau, Canadian journalist, playwright, and politician (died 1968)
1913 - George Abecassis, English race car driver and pilot (died 1991)
1914 - Paul Tortelier, French cellist and composer (died 1990)
1916 - Bismillah Khan, Indian shehnai player (died 2006)
1916 - Ken Wharton, English race car driver (died 1957)
1917 - Frank Hardy, Australian journalist, author, and playwright (died 1994)
1917 - Yigael Yadin, Israeli archeologist, general, and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Israel (died 1984)
1918 - Patrick Lucey, American captain and politician, 38th Governor of Wisconsin (died 2014)
1918 - Charles Thompson, American pianist and composer
1919 - Douglas Warren, Australian bishop (died 2013)
1920 - Manolis Chiotis, Greek singer-songwriter and bouzouki player (died 1970)
1920 - Georg Ots, Estonian actor and singer (died 1975)
1920 - Éric Rohmer, French director, film critic, journalist, novelist and screenwriter (died 2010)
1921 - Arthur Grumiaux, Belgian violinist and pianist (died 1986)
1921 - Antony Hopkins, English pianist, composer, and conductor (died 2014)
1921 - Logan Ramsey, American actor (died 2000)
1921 - Joe Sutter, American soldier and engineer
1922 - Russ Meyer, American director, producer, and screenwriter (died 2004)
1923 - Louis-Edmond Hamelin, Canadian geographer, author, and academic
1923 - Nizar Qabbani, Syrian poet, publisher, and diplomat (died 1998)
1923 - Nirmala Srivastava, Indian religious leader, founded Sahaja Yoga (died 2011)
1924 - Philip Abbott, American actor (died 1998)
1924 - Dov Shilansky, Lithuanian-Israeli lawyer and politician (died 2010)
1925 - Harold Ashby, American saxophonist (died 2003)
1925 - Peter Brook, English-French director and producer
1925 - Hugo Koblet, Swiss cyclist (died 1964)
1926 - André Delvaux, Belgian director and screenwriter (died 2002)
1927 - Halton Arp, American-German astronomer and critic (died 2013)
1927 - Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German soldier and politician, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (died 2016)
1928 - Surya Bahadur Thapa, Nepalese politician, 24th Prime Minister of Nepal (died 2015)
1929 - Maurice Catarcio, American wrestler (died 2005)
1930 - James Coco, American actor and singer (died 1987)
1930 - Otis Spann, American singer and pianist (died 1970)
1931 - Toyonobori, Japanese sumo wrestler (died 1998)
1931 - Clark L. Brundin, American-English engineer and academic
1931 - Catherine Gibson, Scottish swimmer (died 2013)
1931 - Al Williamson, American illustrator (died 2010)
1932 - Walter Gilbert, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1932 - Joseph Silverstein, American violinist and conductor (died 2015)
1933 - John Hall, English businessman
1933 - Michael Heseltine, Welsh businessman and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1934 - Al Freeman, Jr., American actor and director (died 2012)
1934 - Ved Mehta, Indian-American author
1935 - Brian Clough, English footballer and manager (died 2004)
1936 - Ed Broadbent, Canadian pilot and politician
1936 - Brian Dee, English pianist
1936 - Mike Westbrook, English pianist and composer (The Orckestra)
1937 - Ann Clwyd, Welsh journalist and politician, Shadow Secretary of State for Wales
1937 - Tom Flores, American football player and coach
1937 - Pierre-Jean Rémy, French diplomat and author (died 2010)
1938 - Michael Foreman, English author and illustrator
1938 - Luigi Tenco, Italian singer-songwriter (died 1967)
1938 - Grahame Thomas, Australian cricketer
1939 - Kathleen Widdoes, American actress
1940 - Solomon Burke, American singer-songwriter (died 2010)
1942 - Françoise Dorléac, French actress and singer (died 1967)
1942 - Kostas Politis, Greek basketball player and coach
1942 - Amina Claudine Myers, American singer-songwriter and pianist
1942 - Patcha Ramachandra Rao, India metallurgist, educator and administrator (died 2010)
1943 - István Gyulai, Hungarian sprinter and sportscaster (died 2006)
1943 - Hartmut Haenchen, German conductor
1943 - Vivian Stanshall, English singer-songwriter, guitarist, and painter (Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and Grimms) (died 1995)
1944 - Marie-Christine Barrault, French actress
1944 - Janet Daley, American-English journalist and author
1944 - Timothy Dalton, English actor
1944 - Hideki Ishima, Japanese guitarist (Flower Travellin' Band)
1944 - Mike Jackson, English general
1944 - David Lindley, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Kaleidoscope)
1944 - Gaye Adegbalola, American singer and guitarist (Saffire - The Uppity Blues Women)
1945 - Anthony Grabiner, Baron Grabiner, English lawyer
1945 - Charles Greene, American sprinter and coach
1945 - Rose Stone, American singer and keyboard player (Sly and the Family Stone)
1946 - Ray Dorset, English singer-songwriter and guitarist (Mungo Jerry)
1946 - Joseph Mitsuaki Takami, Japanese cardinal
1948 - Scott Fahlman, American computer scientist and academic
1949 - Alvin Kallicharran, Guyanese cricketer and coach
1949 - Andy Love, Scottish-English politician
1949 - Eddie Money, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1950 - Roger Hodgson, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Supertramp)
1950 - Ron Oden, American minister and politician, 19th Mayor of Palm Springs
1950 - Sergey Lavrov, Russian politician and diplomat, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1951 - Koichi Iwaki, Japanese-Korean actor
1951 - Conrad Lozano, American bass player (Los Lobos)
1951 - Russell Thompkins, Jr., American singer (The Stylistics)
1953 - Steve Furber, English computer scientist and academic
1953 - Paul Martin Lester, American photographer, author, and educator
1953 - David Wisniewski, English-American author and illustrator (died 2002)
1955 - Fadi Abboud, Lebanese economist and politician
1955 - Bob Bennett, American singer-songwriter and guitarist
1955 - Dimitrios Papadimoulis, Greek politician
1956 - Dick Beardsley, American runner
1956 - Guy Chadwick, German-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (The House of Love)
1956 - Richard Kirk, English guitarist, keyboard player, composer, and producer (Cabaret Voltaire)
1956 - Ingrid Kristiansen, Norwegian runner
1958 - Marlies Göhr, German sprinter
1958 - Brad Hall, American comedian, director, and screenwriter
1958 - Gary Oldman, English actor, filmmaker, musician and author
1959 - Sarah Jane Morris, English singer-songwriter (The Happy End)
1959 - Yuval Rotem, Israeli diplomat
1959 - Nobuo Uematsu, Japanese keyboard player and composer (The Black Mages and Earthbound Papas)
1960 - Benito T. de Leon, Filipino general
1960 - Raivo Puusepp, Estonian architect
1960 - Ayrton Senna, Brazilian race car driver (died 1994)
1960 - Robert Sweet, American drummer and producer
1961 - Lothar Matthäus, German footballer and manager
1961 - Kassie DePaiva, American actress
1961 - Kim Turner, American hurdler
1962 - Matthew Broderick, American actor
1962 - Kathy Greenwood, Canadian actress and screenwriter
1962 - Rosie O'Donnell, American actress, producer, and talk show host
1962 - Mark Waid, American author
1963 - Shawon Dunston, American baseball player
1963 - Ronald Koeman, Dutch footballer and manager
1963 - Shawn Lane, American guitarist, songwriter, and producer (Black Oak Arkansas) (died 2003)
1963 - Share Pedersen, American bass player (Vixen and Contraband)
1964 - Ieuan Evans, Welsh rugby player
1964 - Jesper Skibby, Danish cyclist
1965 - Xavier Bertrand, French businessman and politician, French Minister of Social Affairs
1966 - Benito Archundia, Mexican footballer, referee, lawyer, and economist
1966 - Hauke Fuhlbrügge, German runner
1966 - Matthew Maynard, English cricketer and coach
1966 - DJ Premier, American DJ and producer (Gang Starr)
1966 - Moa Matthis, Swedish author
1967 - Maxim, English singer-songwriter (The Prodigy)
1967 - Jonas Berggren, Swedish singer-songwriter and producer (Ace of Base)
1967 - Adrian Chiles, English radio and television host
1967 - Carwyn Jones, Welsh lawyer and politician, First Minister of Wales
1968 - Cameron Clyne, Australian businessman
1968 - Andrew Copeland, American singer and guitarist (Sister Hazel)
1968 - Greg Ellis, English actor, producer, and screenwriter
1968 - Tolunay Kafkas, Turkish footballer and manager
1968 - Shin Seung-hun, South Korean singer-songwriter
1968 - Scott Williams, American basketball player and sportscaster
1969 - Jonah Goldberg, American journalist and author
1970 - Shiho Niiyama, Japanese voice actress (died 2000)
1970 - Cenk Uygur, American political commentator and activist
1971 - Zsolt Kürtösi, Hungarian decathlete
1972 - Chris Candido, American wrestler (died 2005)
1972 - Balázs Kiss, Hungarian hammer thrower
1972 - Derartu Tulu, Ethiopian runner
1972 - Graeme Welch, English cricketer
1973 - Vanessa Branch, English-American model and actress
1973 - Ananda Lewis, American television host
1973 - Stuart Nethercott, English footballer and manager
1973 - Large Professor, American rapper and producer (Main Source)
1974 - Rhys Darby, New Zealand comedian and actor
1974 - Edsel Dope, American singer-songwriter and producer (Dope)
1974 - Ted Kravitz, British presenter and Formula One pit-lane reporter
1974 - Kevin Leahy, American drummer (BoDeans)
1974 - Conor Woodman, Irish journalist and author
1975 - Yacoub Al-Mohana, Kuwaiti director and producer
1975 - Fabricio Oberto, Argentinian-Italian basketball player
1975 - Vitaly Potapenko, Ukrainian basketball player and coach
1975 - Mark Williams, Welsh snooker player
1976 - Rachael MacFarlane, American voice actress and singer
1976 - Iain Percy, English sailor
1976 - Tekin Sazlog, German-Turkish footballer
1977 - Bruno Cirillo, Italian footballer
1977 - Jamie Delgado, English tennis player
1978 - Nick "Peanut" Baines, English keyboard player (Kaiser Chiefs)
1978 - Sally Barsosio, Kenyan runner
1978 - Charmaine Dragun, Australian journalist (died 2007)
1978 - Kevin Federline, American dancer, rapper, and actor
1978 - Cristian Guzmán, Dominican baseball player
1978 - Bamboo Mañalac, Filipino singer-songwriter and guitarist (Rivermaya and Bamboo)
1978 - Young Noble, American rapper (Outlawz)
1980 - Ronaldinho, Brazilian footballer
1980 - Marit Bjørgen, Norwegian skier
1980 - Lee Jin, South Korean singer and actress (Fin.K.L)
1980 - Deryck Whibley, Canadian singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (Sum 41)
1981 - Germano Borovicz Cardoso Schweger, Brazilian footballer
1981 - Sébastien Chavanel, French cyclist
1981 - Glenn Hall, Australian rugby league player
1981 - Jason King, Australian rugby league player
1981 - Todd Polglase, Australian rugby league player
1982 - Maria Elena Camerin, Italian tennis player
1982 - Ejegayehu Dibaba, Ethiopian runner
1982 - Aaron Hill, American baseball player
1982 - Jocie Kwok, Chinese-Singaporean singer
1982 - Ermal Mamaqi, Albanian actor, singer, and DJ
1982 - Colin Turkington, Northern Irish race car driver
1983 - Bonfire, German race horse (died 2013)
1983 - Lucila Pascua, Spanish basketball player
1983 - Jean Ondoa, Cameroonian footballer
1983 - Sofía Zámolo, Argentinian model and television host
1984 - Tiago dos Santos Roberto, Brazilian footballer
1984 - Guillermo Daniel Rodríguez, Uruguayan footballer
1985 - Ryan Callahan, American ice hockey player
1985 - Adrian Peterson, American football player
1986 - Michu, Spanish footballer
1986 - Romanos Alyfantis, Greek swimmer
1986 - Scott Eastwood, American actor and producer
1986 - Nikoleta Kyriakopoulou, Greek pole vaulter
1987 - Carlos Carrasco, Venezuelan baseball pitcher
1988 - Lee Cattermole, English footballer
1988 - Erik Johnson, American ice hockey player
1988 - Eric Krüger, German sprinter
1989 - Jordi Alba, Spanish footballer
1989 - Rochelle Humes, English singer-songwriter, dancer, and actress (The Saturdays and S Club 8)
1989 - Nicolás Lodeiro, Uruguayan footballer
1989 - Takeru Satoh, Japanese actor
1990 - Mandy Capristo, German singer-songwriter and dancer (Monrose)
1990 - Ryann Krais, American runner and heptathlete
1990 - Alex Nimo, Liberian-American soccer player
1991 - Luke Chapman, English footballer
1992 - Erena Mizusawa, Japanese model and actress
1993 - Jake Bidwell, English footballer
1993 - Jade Jones, Welsh martial artist
1993 - Jesse Joronen, Finnish footballer
2000 - Jace Norman, American actor

Deaths

1063 - Richeza of Lotharingia (born 995)
1076 - Robert I, Duke of Burgundy (born 1011)
1306 - Robert II, Duke of Burgundy (born 1248)
1487 - Nicholas of Flüe, Swiss monk and saint (born 1417)
1540 - John de Vere, 15th Earl of Oxford, English peer and courtier (born c. 1482)
1556 - Thomas Cranmer, English archbishop and saint (born 1489)
1653 - Tarhoncu Ahmed Pasha, Albanian politician, Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
1656 - James Ussher, Irish archbishop (born 1581)
1676 - Henri Sauval, French historian and author (born 1623)
1729 - John Law, Scottish-French economist and politician, Controller-General of Finances (born 1671)
1734 - Robert Wodrow, Scottish historian and author (born 1679)
1751 - Johann Heinrich Zedler, German publisher (born 1706)
1762 - Nicolas Louis de Lacaille, French priest, astronomer, and academic (born 1713)
1772 - Jacques-Nicolas Bellin, French geographer and cartographer (born 1703)
1795 - Giovanni Arduino, Italian miner and geologist (born 1714)
1801 - Andrea Luchesi, Italian composer and educator (born 1741)
1804 - Louis Antoine, Duke of Enghien (born 1772)
1843 - Robert Southey, English poet, historian, and translator (born 1774)
1843 - Guadalupe Victoria, Mexican general and politician, 1st President of Mexico (born 1786)
1863 - Edwin Vose Sumner, American general (born 1797)
1884 - Ezra Abbot, American scholar and academic (born 1819)
1891 - Joseph E. Johnston, American general (born 1807)
1896 - William Quan Judge, Irish occultist and theosophist (born 1851)
1915 - Frederick Winslow Taylor, American golfer, tennis player, and engineer (born 1856)
1920 - Evelina Haverfield, British suffragette and aid worker (born 1867)
1932 - Frantz Reichel, French rugby player and hurdler (born 1871)
1934 - Franz Schreker, Austrian composer and conductor (born 1878)
1934 - Lilyan Tashman, American actress (born 1896)
1936 - Alexander Glazunov, Russian composer and conductor (born 1865)
1939 - Evald Aav, Estonian composer and conductor (born 1900)
1939 - Ali Hikmet Ayerdem, Turkish general and politician (born 1877)
1943 - Cornelia Fort, American soldier and pilot (born 1919)
1945 - Arthur Nebe, German SS officer (born 1894)
1951 - Willem Mengelberg, Dutch conductor and composer (born 1871)
1953 - Ed Voss, American basketball player (born 1922)
1958 - Cyril M. Kornbluth, American soldier and author (born 1923)
1970 - Manolis Chiotis, Greek singer-songwriter and bouzouki player (born 1920)
1974 - Candy Darling, American actress (born 1944)
1975 - Joe Medwick, American baseball player and coach (born 1911)
1977 - Victor Beaumont, German-English actor (born 1912)
1978 - Louis Cottrell, Jr., American saxophonist and clarinet player (born 1911)
1980 - Peter Stoner, American mathematician and astronomer (born 1888)
1985 - Michael Redgrave, English actor, director, and manager (born 1908)
1987 - Walter L. Gordon, Canadian accountant, lawyer, and politician, 22nd Canadian Minister of Finance (born 1906)
1987 - Robert Preston, American captain, actor, and singer (born 1918)
1991 - Vedat Dalokay, Turkish architect and politician, Mayor of Ankara (born 1927)
1991 - Leo Fender, American businessman, founded Fender Musical Instruments Corporation (born 1909)
1992 - John Ireland, Canadian-American actor and director (born 1914)
1992 - Natalie Sleeth, American pianist and composer (born 1930)
1994 - Macdonald Carey, American actor (born 1913)
1994 - Lili Damita, French-American actress and singer (born 1904)
1994 - Dack Rambo, American actor (born 1941)
1997 - Wilbert Awdry, English cleric and author, created Thomas the Tank Engine (born 1911)
1998 - Galina Ulanova, Russian ballerina (born 1910)
1999 - Jean Guitton, French philosopher and author (born 1905)
1999 - Ernie Wise, English comedian and actor (born 1925)
2001 - Chung Ju-yung, South Korean businessman, founded Hyundai (born 1915)
2001 - Anthony Steel, English actor and singer (born 1920)
2002 - Herman Talmadge, American lieutenant, lawyer, and politician, 70th Governor of Georgia (born 1913)
2003 - Shivani, Indian author (born 1923)
2003 - Umar Wirahadikusumah, Indonesian general and politician, 4th Vice President of Indonesia (born 1924)
2004 - Ludmilla Tchérina, French actress, dancer, and choreographer (born 1924)
2005 - Barney Martin, American police officer and actor (born 1923)
2005 - Bobby Short, American singer and pianist (born 1924)
2007 - Drew Hayes, American author and illustrator (born 1969)
2007 - Sven O. Høiby, Norwegian hurdler and journalist (born 1936)
2007 - Kevin Whitrick, English engineer (born 1964)
2008 - Denis Cosgrove, English-American geographer and academic (born 1948)
2008 - Guillermo Jullian de la Fuente, Chilean architect and academic (born 1931)
2009 - Walt Poddubny, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (born 1960)
2010 - Wolfgang Wagner, German director and manager (born 1919)
2011 - Loleatta Holloway, American singer-songwriter (The Caravans) (born 1946)
2011 - Gerd Klier, German footballer (born 1944)
2011 - Ladislav Novák, Czech footballer and manager (born 1931)
2011 - Pinetop Perkins, American singer and pianist (born 1913)
2012 - Albrecht Dietz, German economist and businessman (born 1926)
2012 - Ron Erhardt, American football player and coach (born 1931)
2012 - Robert Fuest, English director, screenwriter, and production designer (born 1927)
2012 - Tonino Guerra, Italian poet and screenwriter (born 1920)
2012 - Irving Louis Horowitz, American sociologist, author, and academic (born 1929)
2012 - Yuri Razuvaev, Russian chess player and trainer (born 1945)
2012 - Marina Salye, Russian geologist and politician (born 1934)
2013 - Chinua Achebe, Nigerian novelist, poet, and critic (born 1930)
2013 - Mohamed Said Ramadan Al-Bouti, Turkish-Syrian cleric and scholar (born 1929)
2013 - Rick Hautala, American author and screenwriter (born 1949)
2013 - Harlon Hill, American football player and coach (born 1932)
2013 - Pietro Mennea, Italian sprinter and politician (born 1952)
2013 - Herschel Schacter, American rabbi (born 1917)
2013 - Giancarlo Zagni, Italian director and screenwriter (born 1926)
2014 - Qoriniasi Bale, Fijian lawyer and politician, 25th Attorney-General of Fiji (born 1929)
2014 - Bill Boedeker, American football player and soldier (born 1924)
2014 - Jack Fleck, American golfer (born 1921)
2014 - Simeon Oduoye, Nigerian police officer and politician (born 1945)
2014 - James Rebhorn, American actor (born 1948)
2014 - Ignatius Zakka I Iwas, Iraqi patriarch (born 1933)
2015 - Ishaya Bakut, Nigerian general and politician, Governor of Benue State (born 1947)
2015 - Chuck Bednarik, American lieutenant and football player (born 1925)
2015 - James C. Binnicker, American sergeant (born 1938)
2015 - Hans Erni, Swiss painter, sculptor, and illustrator (born 1909)
2015 - Jørgen Ingmann, Danish singer and guitarist (Grethe and Jørgen Ingmann) (born 1925)
2015 - Jackie Trent, English-Spanish singer-songwriter and actress (born 1940)
2015 - Alberta Watson, Canadian actress (born 1955)