Today in History
Today is 22 January 2018, and this is some of what happened.
Events613 - Eight-month-old Constantine is crowned as co-emperor (Caesar) by his father Heraclius at Constantinople.
871 - Battle of Basing: The West Saxons led by king Athelred I are defeated by the Danelaw Vikings at Basing.
1506 - The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrives at the Vatican.
1517 - The Ottoman Empire under Selim I defeats the Mamluk Sultanate and captures present-day Egypt at the Battle of Ridaniya.
1521 - Emperor Charles V opens the Diet of Worms.
1555 - The Ava Kingdom falls to the Taungoo Dynasty in what is now present-day Burma.
1689 - The Convention Parliament convenes to determine whether James II and VII, the last Roman Catholic monarch of England, Ireland and Scotland, had vacated the thrones of England and Ireland when he fled to France in 1688.
1808 - The Portuguese royal family arrives in Brazil after fleeing the French army's invasion of Portugal two months earlier.
1824 - The Ashantis defeat British forces in the Gold Coast.
1849 - Second Anglo-Sikh War: The Siege of Multan ends after nine months when the last Sikh defenders of Multan, Punjab, surrender.
1863 - The January Uprising breaks out in Poland, Lithuania and Belarus. The aim of the national movement is to regain Polish/Lithuanian/Ruthenian Commonwealth from occupation by Russia.
1877 - Arthur Tooth, an Anglican clergyman is taken into custody after being prosecuted for using ritualist practices.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana: Zulu troops decisively defeat British troops.
1879 - Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke's Drift: One hundred thirty-nine British soldiers successfully defend their garrison against an onslaught by three to four thousand Zulu warriors.
1889 - Columbia Phonograph is formed in Washington, D.C.
1890 - The United Mine Workers of America is founded in Columbus, Ohio.
1899 - Leaders of six Australian colonies meet in Melbourne to discuss confederation.
1901 - Edward VII is proclaimed King after the death of his mother, Queen Victoria.
1905 - Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution.
1906 - SS Valencia runs aground on rocks on Vancouver Island, British Columbia, killing more than 130.
1915 - Over 600 people are killed in Guadalajara, Mexico, when a train plunges off the tracks into a deep canyon.
1917 - World War I: President Woodrow Wilson of the still-neutral United States calls for "peace without victory" in Europe.
1919 - Act Zluky is signed, unifying the Ukrainian People's Republic and the West Ukrainian National Republic.
1924 - Ramsay MacDonald becomes the first Labour Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1927 - Teddy Wakelam gives the first live radio commentary of a football match anywhere in the world, between Arsenal F.C. and Sheffield United at Highbury.
1941 - World War II: British and Commonwealth troops capture Tobruk from Italian forces during Operation Compass.
1944 - World War II: The Allies commence Operation Shingle, an assault on Anzio and Nettuno, Italy.
1946 - In Iran, Qazi Muhammad declares the independent people's Republic of Mahabad at Chahar Cheragh Square in the Kurdish city of Mahabad. He is the new president and Haji Baba Sheikh is the prime minister.
1946 - Creation of the Central Intelligence Group, forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.
1947 - KTLA, the first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River, begins operation in Hollywood.
1957 - Israel withdraws from the Sinai Peninsula.
1957 - The New York City "Mad Bomber", George P. Metesky, is arrested in Waterbury, Connecticut and is charged with planting more than 30 bombs.
1957 - United Nations Security Council Resolution 127 is adopted
1959 - Knox Mine disaster: Water breaches the River Slope Mine near Pittston, Pennsylvania in Port Griffith; 12 miners are killed.
1962 - The Organization of American States suspends Cuba's membership.
1963 - The Élysée Treaty of cooperation between France and Germany is signed by Charles de Gaulle and Konrad Adenauer.
1968 - Apollo 5 lifts off carrying the first Lunar module into space.
1968 - Operation Igloo White, a US electronic surveillance system to stop communist infiltration into South Vietnam begins installation.
1969 - A gunman attempts to assassinate Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev.
1970 - The Boeing 747, the world's first "jumbo jet", enters commercial service for launch customer Pan American Airways with its maiden voyage from John F. Kennedy International Airport to London Heathrow Airport.
1971 - The Singapore Declaration, one of the two most important documents to the uncodified constitution of the Commonwealth of Nations, is issued.
1973 - The Supreme Court of the United States delivers its decisions in Roe v. Wade and Doe v. Bolton, legalizing elective abortion in all fifty states.
1973 - The crew of Apollo 17 addresses a joint session of Congress after the completion of the final Apollo moon landing mission.
1973 - A chartered Boeing 707 explodes in flames upon landing at Kano Airport, Nigeria, killing 176.
1984 - The Apple Macintosh, the first consumer computer to popularize the computer mouse and the graphical user interface, is introduced during Super Bowl XVIII with its famous "1984" television commercial.
1987 - Pennsylvanian politician R. Budd Dwyer shoots and kills himself during a televised press conference, leading to debates on boundaries in journalism.
1987 - Philippine security forces open fire on a crowd of 10,000-15,000 demonstrators at Malacañang Palace, Manila, killing 13.
1990 - Robert Tappan Morris is convicted of releasing the 1988 Internet Computer worm.
1991 - Persian Gulf War: Three Iraqi Scuds and one Patriot missile hit Ramat Gan in Israel, injuring 96 people. Three elderly people die of heart attacks.
1992 - Rebel forces occupy Zaire's national radio station in Kinshasa and broadcast a demand for the government's resignation.
1992 - Space Shuttle program: Dr. Roberta Bondar becomes the first Canadian woman and the first neurologist in space.
1995 - Israeli/Palestinian conflict: Beit Lid massacre: In central Israel, near Netanya, two suicide bombers from the Gaza Strip blow themselves up at a military transit point killing 19 Israelis.
1999 - Australian missionary Graham Staines and his two sons are burned alive by radical Hindus while sleeping in their car in Eastern India.
2002 - Kmart becomes the largest retailer in United States history to file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
2004 - X.Org Foundation is founded.
2006 - Evo Morales is inaugurated as President of Bolivia, becoming the country's first indigenous president.
2006 - Kobe Bryant of the Los Angeles Lakers scores 81 points in an NBA game versus the Toronto Raptors, the second highest total in NBA history.
2007 - At least 88 people are killed when two car bombs explode in the Bab Al-Sharqi market in central Baghdad, Iraq.
2015 - An explosion near a civilian trolleybus in the city of Donetsk kills at least thirteen people.
2016 - Blue Origin demonstrated rocket reusability with the successful re-flight of the same New Shepard booster that the company flew to space and landed vertically at its launch site in November 2015.
Births826 - Emperor Montoku of Japan (died 858)
1263 - Ibn Taymiyyah, Syirian scholar and theologian (died 1328)
1440 - Ivan III of Russia (died 1505)
1552 - Walter Raleigh, English poet, soldier, courtier, and explorer (died 1618)
1561 - Francis Bacon, English philosopher and politician, Attorney General for England and Wales (died 1626)
1570 - Sir Robert Cotton, 1st Baronet, of Connington, English historian and politician, founded the Cotton library (died 1631)
1592 - Pierre Gassendi, French mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher (died 1655)
1645 - William Kidd, Scottish sailor and pirate hunter (died 1701)
1654 - Richard Blackmore, English physician and poet (died 1729)
1690 - Nicolas Lancret, French painter (died 1743)
1729 - Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, German philosopher and author (died 1781)
1733 - Philip Carteret, English admiral and explorer (died 1796)
1740 - Noah Phelps, American soldier, lawyer, and judge (died 1809)
1781 - François Habeneck, French violinist and conductor (died 1849)
1788 - Lord Byron, English poet and playwright (died 1824)
1796 - Karl Ernst Claus, Estonian-Russian chemist, botanist, and academic (died 1864)
1797 - Maria Leopoldina of Austria (died 1826)
1799 - Ludger Duvernay, Canadian journalist, publisher, and politician (died 1852)
1802 - Richard Upjohn, English-American architect (died 1878)
1831 - Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein (died 1917)
1831 - Joseph Alfred Slade, American businessman (died 1864)
1840 - Ernest Wilberforce, English bishop (died 1907)
1849 - August Strindberg, Swedish author, poet, and playwright (died 1912)
1858 - Beatrice Webb, English sociologist and economist (died 1943)
1865 - Wilbur Scoville, American chemist and pharmacist (died 1942)
1869 - José Vicente de Freitas, Portuguese colonel and politician, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal (died 1952)
1874 - Edward Harkness, American philanthropist (died 1940)
1874 - Jay Hughes, American baseball player and coach (died 1924)
1875 - D. W. Griffith, American director, producer, and screenwriter (died 1948)
1877 - Tom Jones, American baseball player and manager (died 1923)
1879 - Francis Picabia, French painter and poet (died 1953)
1880 - Bill O'Neill, Canadian-American baseball player (died 1920)
1880 - Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician and academic (died 1956)
1881 - Ira Thomas, American baseball player and manager (died 1958)
1882 - Theodore Kosloff, Russian-American actor, dancer, and choreographer (died 1956)
1886 - John J. Becker, American pianist, composer, and conductor (died 1961)
1887 - Helen Hoyt, American poet and author (died 1972)
1889 - Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (died 1935)
1889 - Amos Strunk, American baseball player and manager (died 1979)
1890 - Fred M. Vinson, American judge and politician, 13th Chief Justice of the United States (died 1953)
1890 - Vinko ganec, Croatian lawyer and musicologist (died 1976)
1891 - Antonio Gramsci, Italian philosopher and politician (died 1937)
1892 - Marcel Dassault, French businessman, founded Dassault Aviation (died 1986)
1893 - Conrad Veidt, German-American actor, director, and producer (died 1943)
1897 - Rosa Ponselle, American operatic soprano (died 1981)
1898 - Ross Barnett, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of Mississippi (died 1987)
1898 - Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director and screenwriter (died 1948)
1898 - Denise Legeay, French actress (died 1968)
1899 - Martti Haavio, Finnish poet and mythologist (died 1973)
1900 - Ernst Busch, German actor and singer (died 1980)
1902 - Daniel Kinsey, American hurdler, coach, and academic (died 1970)
1903 - Fritz Houtermans, Polish-German physicist and academic (died 1966)
1904 - George Balanchine, Russian-American dancer, choreographer, and director, co-founded the New York City Ballet (died 1983)
1904 - Arkady Gaidar, Russian journalist and author (died 1941)
1905 - Willy Hartner, German physicist, historian, and academic (died 1981)
1906 - Joe Gladwin, English actor (died 1987)
1906 - Robert E. Howard, American author and poet (died 1936)
1907 - Douglas Corrigan, American pilot and engineer (died 1995)
1907 - Dixie Dean, English footballer (died 1980)
1908 - Lev Landau, Azerbaijani-Russian physicist and academic, Nobel Prize laureate (died 1968)
1908 - Prince Oana, American baseball player and manager (died 1976)
1909 - Porfirio Rubirosa, Dominican race car driver, polo player, and diplomat (died 1965)
1909 - Ann Sothern, American actress and singer (died 2001)
1909 - U Thant, Burmese educator and diplomat, 3rd United Nations Secretary-General (died 1974)
1911 - Bruno Kreisky, Austrian lawyer and politician, 22nd Chancellor of Austria (died 1990)
1913 - Henry Bauchau, Belgian psychoanalyst and author (died 2012)
1913 - William Conway, Irish cardinal (died 1977)
1913 - Carl F. H. Henry, American theologian and publisher (died 2003)
1914 - Dimitris Dragatakis, Greek violinist and composer (died 2001)
1915 - Heinrich Albertz, German theologian and politician, Mayor of Berlin (died 1993)
1916 - Bill Durnan, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (died 1972)
1916 - Henri Dutilleux, French pianist, composer, and educator (died 2013)
1916 - Harilal Upadhyay, Indian author, poet, and astrologist (died 1994)
1918 - Elmer Lach, Canadian ice hockey player and coach (died 2015)
1919 - Diomedes Olivo, Dominican baseball player and scout (died 1977)
1920 - Irving Kristol, American journalist, author, and academic, founded The National Interest (died 2009)
1920 - Alf Ramsey, English footballer and manager (died 1999)
1921 - Arno Babajanian, Armenian pianist and composer (died 1983)
1922 - Howard Moss, American poet, playwright and critic (died 1987)
1923 - Diana Douglas, British-American actress (died 2015)
1924 - J. J. Johnson, American trombonist and composer (died 2001)
1924 - Ján Chryzostom Korec, Slovak cardinal (died 2015)
1924 - Charles Lisanby, American production designer and art director (died 2013)
1925 - Johnny Bucha, American baseball player (died 1996)
1925 - Bobby Young, American baseball player (died 1985)
1927 - Lou Creekmur, American football player and sportscaster (died 2009)
1928 - Yoshihiko Amino, Japanese historian, author, and academic (died 2004)
1929 - Petr Eben, Czech composer, organist and choirmaster (died 2007)
1930 - Mariví Bilbao, Spanish actress (died 2013)
1930 - Éamon de Buitléar, Irish accordion player and director (died 2013)
1931 - Sam Cooke, American singer-songwriter (The Soul Stirrers and The Highway Q.C.'s) (died 1964)
1931 - Galina Zybina, Russian shot putter and javelin thrower
1932 - Berthold Grünfeld, Norwegian psychiatrist and academic (died 2007)
1932 - Piper Laurie, American actress
1933 - Yuri Chesnokov, Russian volleyball player and coach (died 2010)
1934 - Vijay Anand, Indian actor, director, producer, and screenwriter (died 2004)
1934 - Bill Bixby, American actor and director (died 1993)
1934 - Graham Kerr, English chef and author
1935 - Alexander Men, Russian priest and scholar (died 1990)
1936 - Ong Teng Cheong, Singaporean architect and politician, 5th President of Singapore (died 2002)
1936 - Alan J. Heeger, American physicist and chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
1936 - Nyree Dawn Porter, New Zealand actress (died 2001)
1936 - Peter Steen, Danish actor and screenwriter (died 2013)
1937 - Edén Pastora, Nicaraguan politician
1937 - Joseph Wambaugh, American police officer and author
1938 - Peter Beard, Australian photographer and author
1939 - Sonny Chiba, Japanese actor and martial artist
1939 - Jørgen Garde, Danish admiral (died 1996)
1939 - Alfredo Palacio, Ecuadoran physician and politician, President of Ecuador
1939 - J. C. Tremblay, Canadian ice hockey player and scout (died 1994)
1940 - John Hurt, English actor
1940 - George Seifert, American football player and coach
1940 - Gillian Shephard, English educator and politician, Secretary of State for Education
1941 - Jaan Kaplinski, Estonian poet, philosopher, and critic
1942 - Mimis Domazos, Greek footballer
1943 - Marília Pêra, Brazilian actress and singer (died 2015)
1943 - Michael Spicer, English journalist and politician
1944 - Khosrow Golsorkhi, Iranian journalist, poet, and activist (died 1974)
1944 - Uto Ughi, Italian violinist and conductor
1945 - Arthur Beetson, Australian rugby player and coach (died 2011)
1945 - Jophery Brown, American baseball player, actor, and stuntman (died 2014)
1945 - Jean-Pierre Nicolas, French race car driver and manager
1945 - Christoph Schönborn, Bohemian-Austrian cardinal
1945 - Alojz Uran, Slovenian archbishop
1946 - Malcolm McLaren, English singer-songwriter and manager (died 2010)
1946 - Serge Savard, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
1947 - Vladimir Oravsky, Czech-Swedish author and director
1948 - Northern Calloway, American actor and singer (died 1990)
1948 - Gilbert Levine, American conductor and academic
1948 - Roger Williams, Welsh politician
1949 - Mike Caldwell, American baseball player and coach
1949 - Phil Miller, English guitarist (National Health, In Cahoots, Matching Mole and Hatfield and the North)
1949 - Steve Perry, American singer-songwriter and producer (Journey)
1950 - Paul Bew, Northern Irish historian and academic
1950 - Pamela Salem, Indian-English actress
1951 - Ondrej Nepela, Slovak figure skater and coach (died 1989)
1951 - Leon Roberts, American baseball player and manager
1951 - Steve J. Spears, Australian actor, singer, and playwright (died 2007)
1952 - Ramón Avilés, Puerto Rican baseball player
1952 - Ace Vergel, Filipino actor (died 2007)
1953 - Winfried Berkemeier, German footballer and manager
1953 - Myung-whun Chung, South Korean pianist and conductor
1953 - Jim Jarmusch, American director and screenwriter
1954 - Paul O'Brien FRS, Professor of Chemistry at the University of Manchester
1954 - Tully Blanchard, American football player, wrestler, and referee
1955 - Thomas David Jones, American captain, pilot, and astronaut
1955 - Timothy R. Ferguson, American politician
1956 - Steve Riley, American drummer (L.A. Guns, W.A.S.P., Keel and Steppenwolf)
1957 - Mike Bossy, Canadian ice hockey player and sportscaster
1957 - Brian Dayett, American baseball player and manager
1957 - Rene Requiestas, Filipino comedian and actor (died 1993)
1957 - Godfrey Thoma, Nauruan politician
1957 - Francis Wheen, English journalist and author
1958 - Nikos Anastopoulos, Greek footballer and manager
1958 - Filiz Koçali, Turkish journalist and politician
1959 - Linda Blair, American actress and producer
1960 - Michael Hutchence, Australian singer-songwriter and actor (INXS and Max Q) (died 1997)
1961 - Quintin Dailey, American basketball player (died 2010)
1962 - Jimmy Herring, American guitarist (Widespread Panic, The Dead, and Phil Lesh and Friends)
1962 - Huw Irranca-Davies, Welsh lawyer and politician
1962 - Eric Schaeffer, American actor and director
1962 - Sirous Ghayeghran, Iranian footballer and manager (died 1998)
1963 - Nicola Duffett, English actress
1963 - Javier Ortiz, American baseball player
1963 - Andrei Tchmil, Russian-Belgian cyclist and politician
1964 - Nigel Benn, English-Australian boxer
1965 - Steven Adler, American drummer and songwriter (Guns N' Roses, Adler's Appetite, Hollywood Rose, and Road Crew)
1965 - DJ Jazzy Jeff, American DJ, producer, and actor (DJ Jazzy Jeff and The Fresh Prince)
1965 - Diane Lane, American actress
1965 - Andrew Roachford, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player (Mike + The Mechanics)
1966 - Craig Salvatori, Australian rugby player and coach
1967 - Nick Gillingham, English swimmer
1967 - Eleanor McEvoy, Irish singer-songwriter and guitarist
1967 - Manabu Nakanishi, Japanese wrestler and mixed martial artist
1968 - Heath, Japanese singer-songwriter and bass player (X Japan)
1968 - Guy Fieri, American chef, author, and television host
1968 - Frank Leboeuf, French footballer, sportscaster, and actor
1965 - Andrew Roachford, English singer-songwriter and keyboard player
1968 - Mauricio Serna, Colombian footballer
1969 - Olivia d'Abo, English-American singer-songwriter and actress
1969 - Keith Gordon, American baseball player and coach
1970 - Abraham Olano, Spanish cyclist
1971 - Stan Collymore, English footballer and sportscaster
1972 - Terry Hill, Australian rugby player and coach
1972 - Tyler Spencer, also known as Dick Valentine, lead vocalist, main lyricist, and co-founder of Electric Six
1972 - Gabriel Macht, American actor and producer
1972 - Romi Park, Japanese voice actress and singer
1972 - Gonzalo Rodríguez, Uruguayan race car driver (died 1999)
1972 - Namrata Shirodkar, Indian model and actress, Femina Miss India 1993
1972 - Norberto Téllez, Cuban runner
1973 - Larry Birkhead, American photographer
1973 - Rogério Ceni, Brazilian footballer
1974 - Cameron McConville, Australian race car driver and sportscaster
1974 - Joseph Muscat, Maltese journalist and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Malta
1975 - Balthazar Getty, American actor and producer (Ringside)
1975 - Felipe Giaffone, Brazilian race car driver
1975 - James Murray, English actor
1975 - David Výborný, Czech ice hockey player
1976 - Jimmy Anderson, American baseball player and coach
1976 - James Dearth, American football player
1977 - Vazgen Azrojan, Armenian ice dancer
1977 - Mario Domm, Mexican singer-songwriter, pianist, and producer (Camila)
1977 - Jono Gibbes, New Zealand rugby player and coach
1977 - Anna Linkova, Russian tennis player
1977 - Hidetoshi Nakata, Japanese footballer
1977 - Matthew Newton, Australian actor, director, and screenwriter
1977 - Luciano Andrade Rissutt, Brazilian footballer
1978 - Joseph Calleja, Maltese actor
1978 - Chone Figgins, American baseball player
1979 - Aidan Burley, New Zealand-English politician
1979 - Carlos Ruiz, Panamanian baseball player
1980 - Jake Grove, American football player
1981 - Willa Ford, American singer-songwriter, producer, and actress
1981 - Beverley Mitchell, American actress and singer
1981 - Ben Moody, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, producer, and actor (Evanescence, We Are the Fallen, and The Halo Method)
1981 - Ibrahima Sonko, French footballer
1981 - Guy Wilks, English race car driver
1982 - Fabricio Coloccini, Argentinian footballer
1983 - Shaun Cody, American football player
1984 - Ben Eager, Canadian ice hockey player
1984 - Ubaldo Jiménez, Dominican baseball player
1984 - Leon Powe, American basketball player
1984 - Maceo Rigters, Dutch footballer
1985 - Orianthi, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist
1985 - Fotios Papoulis, Greek footballer
1985 - Mohamed Sissoko, Malian footballer
1986 - Lee Pa-ni, South Korean model and actress
1986 - Maher Magri, Tunisian footballer
1986 - Matt Simon, Australian footballer
1987 - Astrid Jacobsen, Norwegian skier
1987 - Shane Long, Irish footballer
1987 - Ray Rice, American football player
1988 - Asher Allen, American football player
1988 - Greg Oden, American basketball player
1989 - RJ Padilla, Filipino actor
1989 - Theo Robinson, English-Jamaican footballer
1990 - Alizé Cornet, French tennis player
1991 - Marcus Canty, American singer and dancer
1991 - Stefan Kolb, German footballer
1991 - Alex MacDowall, English race car driver
1993 - Alex Marques, Portuguese footballer (died 2013)
1993 - Tasuku Nagase, Japanese actor
1993 - Tommy Knight, British actor
1996 - Joshua Ho-Sang, Canadian ice hockey player
1996 - Khalil Ramos, Filipino singer and actor
1998 - Silentó, American rapper
Deaths239 - Cao Rui, Chinese emperor (born 205)
1341 - Louis I, Duke of Bourbon (born 1279)
1536 - Bernhard Knipperdolling, German religious leader (born 1495)
1552 - Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, English general and politician, Lord High Treasurer of England (born 1500)
1575 - James Hamilton, Duke of Châtellerault (born 1516)
1599 - Cristofano Malvezzi, Italian organist and composer (born 1547)
1666 - Shah Jahan, Mughal emperor (born 1592)
1750 - Franz Xaver Josef von Unertl, Bavarian politician (born 1675)
1763 - John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville, English politician, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (born 1690)
1767 - Johann Gottlob Lehmann, German meteorologist and geologist (born 1719)
1798 - Lewis Morris, American judge and politician (born 1726)
1779 - Jeremiah Dixon, English surveyor and astronomer (born 1733)
1779 - Claudius Smith, American guerrilla leader (born 1736)
1840 - Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, German physician, physiologist, and anthropologist (born 1752)
1850 - Vincent Pallotti, Italian missionary and saint (born 1795)
1879 - Anthony Durnford, Irish colonel (born 1830)
1879 - Henry Pulleine, English colonel (born 1838)
1892 - Joseph P. Bradley, American lawyer and jurist (born 1813)
1900 - David Edward Hughes, Welsh-American physicist, co-invented the microphone (born 1831)
1901 - Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (born 1819)
1901 - Emil Erlenmeyer, German chemist and academic (born 1825)
1921 - George Streeter, American captain and businessman (born 1837)
1922 - Fredrik Bajer, Danish educator and politician, Nobel Prize laureate (born 1837)
1922 - Pope Benedict XV (born 1854)
1922 - Camille Jordan, French mathematician and academic (born 1838)
1925 - Fanny Bullock Workman, American geographer and mountain climber (born 1859)
1927 - James Ford Rhodes, American historian and author (born 1848)
1929 - R. C. Lehmann, English journalist, author, and politician (born 1856)
1930 - Stephen Mather, American businessman and conservationist, co-founded the Thorkildsen-Mather Borax Company (born 1867)
1931 - László Batthyány-Strattmann, Hungarian physician and ophthalmologist (born 1870)
1945 - Else Lasker-Schüler, German poet and playwright (born 1869)
1949 - William Thomas Walsh, American author, poet, and playwright (born 1891)
1950 - Alan Hale, Sr., American actor and director (born 1892)
1950 - Corinne Luchaire, French actress (born 1921)
1951 - Karl Nessler, German-American hairdresser, invented the Perm (born 1872)
1951 - Lawson Robertson, Scottish-American sprinter and high jumper (born 1883)
1954 - Princess Margaret of Prussia (born 1872)
1957 - Ralph Barton Perry, American philosopher and academic (born 1876)
1959 - Mike Hawthorn, English race car driver (born 1929)
1964 - Marc Blitzstein American pianist and composer (born 1905)
1966 - Herbert Marshall, English-American actor and singer (born 1890)
1967 - Robert Henriques, English farmer and author (born 1905)
1968 - Duke Kahanamoku, American swimmer and water polo player (born 1890)
1971 - Harry Frank Guggenheim, American businessman and publisher, co-founded Newsday (born 1890)
1973 - Lyndon born Johnson, American lieutenant and politician, 36th President of the United States (born 1908)
1975 - Andrew George Burry, Swiss-American businessman and philanthropist (born 1873)
1978 - Oliver Leese, English general (born 1894)
1978 - Herbert Sutcliffe, English cricketer and soldier (born 1894)
1979 - Ali Hassan Salameh, Palestinian rebel leader (born 1940)
1980 - Yitzhak Baer, German-Israeli historian and academic (born 1888)
1981 - Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and academic (born 1903)
1982 - Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chilean lawyer and politician, 28th President of Chile (born 1911)
1982 - Tommy Tucker, American singer-songwriter and pianist (born 1933)
1982 - Pantelis Zervos, Greek actor (born 1908)
1983 - Donald Madden, American actor (born 1928)
1985 - Arthur Bryant, English historian and journalist (born 1899)
1987 - R. Budd Dwyer, American educator and politician, 30th Treasurer of Pennsylvania (born 1939)
1988 - Parker Fennelly, American actor (born 1891)
1989 - S. Vithiananthan, Sri Lankan author and academic (born 1924)
1991 - Robert Choquette, Canadian author, poet and diplomat (born 1905)
1994 - Jean-Louis Barrault, French actor and director (born 1910)
1994 - Rhett Forrester, American singer-songwriter (Riot) (born 1956)
1994 - Telly Savalas, American actor and director (born 1924)
1995 - Jerry Blackwell, American wrestler (born 1949)
1995 - Rose Kennedy, American philanthropist (born 1890)
1996 - Israel Eldad, Polish-Israeli philosopher and author (born 1910)
1997 - Ron Holden, American singer-songwriter (born 1939)
1997 - Billy Mackenzie, Scottish singer-songwriter (Associates) (born 1957)
1997 - Wally Whyton, English singer-songwriter and broadcaster (The Vipers Skiffle Group) (born 1929)
1999 - Graham Staines, Australian-Indian missionary and translator (born 1941)
2000 - Craig Claiborne, American journalist, author, and critic (born 1920)
2000 - Anne Hébert, Canadian author and poet (born 1916)
2001 - Tommie Agee, American baseball player (born 1942)
2001 - Roy Brown, American clown and puppeteer (born 1932)
2002 - Peter Bardens, English keyboard player (Camel, Mirage, and Shotgun Express) (born 1945)
2002 - Stanley Marcus, American businessman and author (born 1905)
2003 - Bill Mauldin, American soldier and cartoonist (born 1921)
2004 - Billy May, American trumpet player and composer (born 1916)
2004 - Tom Mead, Australian journalist and politician (born 1918)
2004 - Ann Miller, American actress and dancer (born 1923)
2005 - César Gutiérrez, Venezuelan baseball player, coach, and manager (born 1943)
2005 - Carlo Orelli, Italian soldier (born 1894)
2005 - Consuelo Velázquez, Mexican pianist and songwriter (born 1924)
2007 - Doug Blasdell, American personal trainer (born 1962)
2007 - Ngô Quang Truong, Vietnamese general (born 1929)
2007 - Abbé Pierre, French priest and activist (born 1912)
2007 - Liz Renay, American actress, author and performer (born 1926)
2008 - Heath Ledger, Australian actor and director (born 1979)
2008 - Miles Lerman, Polish Holocaust survivor and activist (born 1920)
2009 - Billy Werber, American baseball player (born 1908)
2010 - Louis R. Harlan, American historian and author (born 1922)
2010 - Iskandar of Johor (born 1932)
2010 - Jean Simmons, English-American actress (born 1929)
2012 - Simon Marsden, English photographer and author (born 1948)
2012 - Joe Paterno, American football player and coach (born 1926)
2012 - Clarence Tillenius, Canadian painter and environmentalist (born 1913)
2012 - Dick Tufeld, American actor, announcer, narrator and voice actor (born 1926)
2013 - Robert Bonnaud, French historian and academic (born 1929)
2013 - Anna Litvinova, Russian model, Miss Russia 2006 (born 1983)
2013 - Hinton Mitchem, American businessman and politician (born 1938)
2013 - Lucyna Winnicka, Polish actress (born 1928)
2014 - François Deguelt, French singer (born 1932)
2014 - Pierre Jalbert, Canadian-American actor (born 1925)
2014 - Serhiy Nigoyan, Ukrainian activist (born 1993)
2014 - Maziar Partow, Iranian cinematographer (born 1933)
2014 - Akkineni Nageswara Rao, Indian actor and producer (born 1924)
2015 - Fabrizio de Miranda, Italian engineer and academic, co-designed the Rande Bridge (born 1926)
2015 - Wendell H. Ford, American lieutenant and politician, 53rd Governor of Kentucky (born 1924)
2015 - Margaret Bloy Graham, Canadian author and illustrator (born 1920)
2016 - Homayoun Behzadi, Iranian footballer and coach (born 1942)
2016 - Cecil Parkinson, English politician (born 1931)
2016 - Lois Ramsey, Australian actress (born 1922)
2016 - Sarah the cheetah, measured as the world's fastest land mammal (born ~2001)
2016 - Kamer Genç, Turkish politician (born 1940)